His Excellency Gotaro Ogawa, a Japanese Ambassador
to Cambodia. Your Excellencies, Distinguished National and International Guests,
and All Conference Attendants,
Today, I have a great honor and pleasure to
join the conference on "Constitutionalism in Cambodia". Which is sponsored by
the School of Law of Nagoya University, Japan.
I would like to take this occasion to express my
gratitude towards Japanese government and people for actively, financially, and
mentally help Cambodia build its independence, sovereignty, development, and to
become a real rule of law.
Our country has gone through a significantly subsequent
historical events, which reflected our bravery and sacrifice for the sake of
protecting and developing our country. Backward and people for actively,
financially, and mentally help Cambodia
build its independence, sovereignty,
development, and to become a real rule of law.
The Paris Peace Accord signed on 23 October
1991 has given us the basis to bring about peace, national reconciliation, and full independence in Cambodia. This is a
new turn and a golden opportunity for us to rebuild our country with an enormous
support from the international communities.
Despite facing great difficulties in rebuilding our
future, we have tried our best to settle those issues on the basis of national
consolidation and unanimity guided by our revered King Norodom Sihanouk.
Your Excellencies, Distinguished National and
International Guests, All Conference Attendants,
It is ineffable to rebuild one country from nothing -
that is, the old system was rooted out. Our Cambodians have sacrificed for
rights, freedom, and democracy, and this is the reality and history because if
there is no yesterday, there would be no today and tomorrow.
Following the Second World War, the democracy was in
embryo in Cambodia with the start of its first constitution in 1947.
the Cambodian constitution has been subsequently amended with the change in the
political regime. The 1972
Constitution of Khmer Republic ensued from a 1970
coup that forced Cambodia into war, and was a cause to bring about genocide
regime in 1975. By the way, the 1976 Constitution of Democratic Kampuchea formed
an eccentric regime that
made Cambodia return to its pre-historical era. The
1981 Constitution of People's Republic of Cambodia was taken into effect after
Cambodia was released from the genocide regime on January 07, 1979, and this
constitution was amended in
1989 when People's Republic of
Cambodia changed its name to the State of Cambodia. After Paris Peace Accord
1991, United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) made an interval
law system in order to arrange the public order, led by Supreme National Council
(SNC). There were 20 political parties joining the proportional
was held from 25 to 28 May 1993. Funcipec Party, Cambodian's People Party, the
Buddhist Liberal Democracy Party, and Molinaka Party, Cambodian's People Party,
the Buddhist Liberal Democracy Party, and Molinaka
Party won the general
election and formed a constituent assembly presided over by late Samdech
Bovorsitha Soeun San to draft the constitution. After this constitution was
adopted on September 21, 1993 and promulgated by the king on September 24, 1993,
the Constituent Assembly has become National Assembly.
Your Excellencies, Distinguished National and
International Guests, All Conference Attendants.
So far, our new constitution is almost ten years old.
In coincidence with the evolution of the society, this new constitution has gone
through 3 amendments. The first amendment in 1993 is on article 28, and the
second amendment in 1999 is on articles 11,12,13,18, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30, 34, 51,
90, 91, 93, and other articles from chapter 8 to chapter 14, and the third amendment in 2001 is on articles 14 and 19. This evolution is in response
to the actual situation of Cambodia, which has been developing and integrating
itself into regional and international framework.
As you have known, a strong legal reform and justice
reform are under way in Cambodia. This is a big deal that requires a proper time
and a comprehensive determination.
The Japanese government through the Japanese
International Organization (JICA) that has been cooperating with Ministry of Justice has helped draft civil codes and civil procedure code. In addition, the
Association of Japanese lawyers in Cambodia.
contributed civil law and penal law
books in Khmer version to students of the Faculty of Law and Economics.
Nagoya University has signed an agreement with the
Faculty of Law and Economics have cooperated to conduct a conference in the
purpose of conducing a research into the national development and legal
assistance projects and so as to
share experience, viewpoints, this pioneers us
to a joint research into law field to develop the academic relationship between
the researchers and the executives in Cambodia and Japan.
Today conference on the Cambodian Constitutionalism
explicitly shows the kindness of Japanese Government and Japanese people towards
Cambodia, ensuring that they are conscientious to develop Cambodian human
resources. I would.
like to take this they are conscientious to develop Cambodian
human resources. I would like to take this occasion to deeply thank the Japanese
government and Japanese people for their ongoing aid, which has made Cambodia
politically stable and qualified to be a rule of law for
developing the country on its own in the future.
In conclusion, I would like to wish you all happiness,
and prosperity, and declare the opening of the conference.