History of Legal Education in
National Institute of Law, Politics and Economics was
established in 1948.
was the first post secondary level institute in Cambodia. In
1953, the Institute began a three years bachelor of law degree
program which was later incorporated into the University of
Phnom Penh as Faculty of Law and Economics in 1957. The Law
program offered four levels.
Two Year Capacity of Law Program: The students for
this program were recruited after completing the first
degree of Secondary Diploma (Bac I). The system of Education
in Cambodia at that time was six years for Primary School
and seven years for Secondary School. After successfully
completed six years at Secondary School (Junior High
School), a student was granted the First Degree of Secondary
Diploma (BacI). Then after successfully completed an
additional year at Secondary School, the student was granted
the Secondary Degree of Secondary Diploma (BacII).
- Two Year
Baccalaureate of Law Program (French words): The students
were recruited after BacII.
- Four Year
Bachelor of Law Program (French word-License en droit): The
students were recruited after BacII.
program in Law (French words)
1962, the Faculty of Law and Economics established the
Center for Legal Study for training judges. Study for judges
was an additional two year after acquiring a Bachelor of
Law. However this center was closed in 1966 after only four
years, after graduating two groups of judges. From 1975 to
1981, the Faculty of Law and Economics was closed, during
and after the Pol Pot regime. During those years almost all
legal professionals were killed or fled the country. Law
books were destroyed. At the end of Pol Pot regime, only six
licensed members of the legal profession remained alive in
Cambodia. The former campus of the Faculty of Law was
reopened in 1982 as the Administrative and Judicial School.
The main purpose of this School was to train the new
government officials who were responsible for Administration
and Judicial duties (in service or on the job training). The
training was organized to assist the socialist authorities
after the liberation from the genocidal regime of Pol Pot
and to respond to its urgent needs. Three different programs
wee developed subsequently: a five- month program, then a
two- month program and a two-year program. Because the
majority of the legal professionals had been killed, there
were no teachers available, so a five-month program and
overall curriculum were organized by Vietnamese experts and
were taught through interpreters. Some of the first group of
graduates were selected to be the teachers and assistant
teachers for next courses. These newly created teachers
began teaching the two-year program. The five-month training
program was discontinued in 1989.
In 2003, Converting Faculty of Law and
Royal University of Law and Economics (Sub-Decree)
By. Yuok Ngoy
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